World Cancer Day, which will take place on 4 February next, will be an opportunity to make the general public aware about prevention, detection and treatment of this disease.
Researchers from Inserm Unit 1121, “Biomaterials and Bioengineering” (Inserm/University of Strasbourg), have improved the artificial larynx that they developed 5 years ago, and have optimised their surgical technique. Thus a patient with cancer who had undergone a laryngectomy has been wearing this implant for the last 18 months, allowing him to breathe through his mouth and nose, and restoring his speech and sense of smell, thereby improving his daily life.
See the press release “Un patient bénéficie d’un larynx artificiel depuis 18 mois” (A patient has benefited from an artificial larynx for 18 months), published on 17 January 2017.
The members of the “Center for Infection and Immunity of Lille” (Inserm/CNRS/University of Lille/Institut Pasteur Lille), at Inserm Unit 1019, have identified the nature and mode of action of bacterial species capable of optimising the anti-tumour response induced by chemotherapy. They have thus demonstrated the essential role of the gut microbiota in the efficacy of chemotherapy.
See the press release “The gut microbiota to the rescue of chemotherapies,” published on 5 October 2016.
In October 2016, Inserm inaugurated its first accelerator of technological research (ART). Based in Paris, the “biomedical ultrasound” ART is devoted to the research and use of ultrasound, particularly in the area of cancer diagnosis and treatments.
See the press release “Creation of first accelerators of technological research at Inserm,” published on 26 October 2016.
Researchers from Paris Descartes University, the Paris Public Hospitals (AP-HP) and Inserm have developed a method that enables large-scale use of circulating tumour DNA in patients with lung and pancreatic cancer. Ultimately, this method will be widely used in the different Molecular Biology platforms, to improve the diagnosis of certain cancers and guide the prescription of treatments.
See the press release “Towards an improved diagnosis of certain cancers,” published on 28 September 2016.
The composition of gut microbiota can predict the efficacy and tolerance of immunotherapy in people with cancer
(Français) Création d’un institut pluridisciplinaire pour l’étude des migrations
A molecule to regenerate insulin-producing cells in type 1 diabetic patients
Drug abuse and depression: towards a new understanding of brain mechanisms