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Most existing treatments for pathological bone loss inhibit osteoclasts (bone-destroying cells) to limit bone degradation. However, by doing this, they also prevent bone formation since it is stimulated by the presence of these very same osteoclast cells. Researchers from the CNRS, Inserm and the Université de Montpellier and Université Jean Monnet – Saint-Étienne have developed a new approach for preventing the destructive activity of osteoclasts without affecting their viability. This involves disrupting their anchorage to the bone, which has been found to be possible using a small chemical compound called C21. This innovative treatment can protect mice from bone loss associated with osteolytic diseases such as post-menopausal osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis and bone metastasis, without affecting bone formation. This research was published on 3 February 2015 in the journal Nature Communications.
© Inserm/Boivin, Georges
Transposable elements, also known as “jumping genes” are DNA fragments that can move or copy themselves from one location to another on the chromosomes. They have invaded the genomes of most living organisms, from bacteria to humans, via the plants. When they ...
In 1973, the rare syndrome of uncombable hair or 'pili trianguli et canaliculi' was described by a Toulouse dermatologist. More than 40 years later, Michel Simon, Inserm research director his colleagues at the 'Epidermal Differentiation and Rheumatoid Autoimmunity' Unit [UDEAR] (Inserm/CNRS/Toulouse III ...
Pharmacological inhibition of Dock5 prevents osteolysis by affecting osteoclast podosome organization while preserving bone formation. Virginie Vives, Gaëlle Cres, Christian Richard, Muriel Busson, Yann Ferrandez, Anne-Gaelle Planson, Mahel Zeghouf, Jacqueline Cherfils, Luc Malaval and Anne Blangy. Nature communications, 3 février 2015. DOI : 10.1038/ncomms7218.