Category Archives: Public health

Better air quality: what should the target values be for improving health?

To produce a significant reduction in mortality due to fine particulates, their average level should be reduced by at least 3 micrograms per m3 as a yearly average, concludes an interdisciplinary study.

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Quand la narcolepsie rend plus créatif

(Français) Des chercheurs ont mis en évidence l’existence d’une plus grande créativité chez les patients atteints de narcolepsie. Les résultats de l’étude suggèrent un lien entre une phase du sommeil particulière, le sommeil paradoxal, et les capacités créatives.

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Consumption of ultra-processed food and risk of cardiovascular disease

(Français) Des chercheurs rapportent un risque accru de maladies cardiovasculaires chez les consommateurs d’aliments ultra-transformés dans la cohorte NutriNet-Santé.

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The Health of 200 000 Volunteers Tracked by Inserm

Constances aims to track the long-term health of its volunteers in order to deepen our understanding of the factors that influence it, such as diet, environment or working conditions.

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Artificial Intelligence Facilitates Chemical Toxicity Evaluation: the Case of Bisphenol S

A novel IT tool based on artificial intelligence methods has made it possible to identify the toxic effects of bisphenol S – a frequent substitute for bisphenol A in food containers.

Also posted in Press releases, Circulation, metabolism, nutrition | Tagged | Comments closed

The overall annual cost of infections due to bacterial resistance in French hospitals now estimated up to 290 million Euros

(Français) Une équipe de chercheurs est parvenue à estimer le nombre de nouveaux cas et le coût économique direct que représentent les infections à bactéries résistantes aux antibiotiques chez les malades hospitalisés, pendant les années 2015 et 2016.

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Cesarean Delivery Linked to Increased Risk of Severe Maternal Complications

Cesarean delivery is thought to be linked to a greater risk of severe maternal complications – primarily hemorrhagic – than vaginal delivery, especially in women aged 35 and over.

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Alzheimer’s disease: five new genetic markers identified

Knowledge of the genetic component of Alzheimer’s disease continues to deepen. The aim is not to predict the disease but reveal its pathophysiological mechanisms in order to develop new drugs. At Lille’s Institut Pasteur, an Inserm team led by Jean Charles Lambert within Inserm Unit 1167 “Risk factors and molecular determinants of diseases linked to aging” directed by Philippe Amouyel recently hit a new milestone thanks to the Genomics of Alzheimer’s Project (IGAP), in which the genomes of 94,000 people were analyzed. This research revealed five new genetic variants linked to the disease.

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Physical activity, prevention and treatment of chronic diseases – A collective expert review by Inserm

Inserm was tasked by the French Ministry of Sports with producing a collective expert review in order to take stock of scientific knowledge and to analyze, within the scope of chronic diseases, the impact of physical activity and its place in the care pathway. This review is based on a critical analysis of the international scientific literature made by a multidisciplinary group of thirteen researchers with expertise in various fields relating to chronic diseases, from sports medicine to psychosociology.

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Photographie de la santé périnatale en France et en Europe en 2015

(Français) Le 26 novembre 2018 est publié le nouveau rapport Euro-Peristat, projet européen coordonné par l’Inserm, mis en place depuis 2000, et qui rassemble des statistiques de 31 pays sur la santé périnatale en 2015. La comparaison de la France par rapport à ses voisins conduit à un bilan contrasté, avec en particulier une situation maitrisée dans la pratique des césariennes, mais une situation moins favorable pour la mortalité des enfants et la consommation de tabac, là où de nombreux pays observent une amélioration.

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