Monthly Archives: February 2016

New study reveals incidence of dementia may be declining

Despite the concern of an explosion of dementia cases in an aging population over the next few decades, a new study, based on data from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS), suggests that the rate of new cases of dementia actually may be decreasing.

Forensic odorology scientifically validated

Odorology is a technique that uses specially-trained dogs to identify human scent. It is used in police investigations to establish that an individual has been at the scene of a crime. However, there is no international norm on how these dogs are trained. At the Centre de recherche en neurosciences de Lyon (CNRS/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1/Inserm), researchers specializing in scents and their memorization have analyzed data, provided since 2003 by the Division of the Technical and Scientific Police (DTSP, Ecully) on dog performances in scent identification tasks. Their results show that, at the end of a 24-month training program, the dogs are able to recognize the smell of an individual in 80-90% of cases and never mistake it for that of another. These findings validate the procedures that are currently in use and should convince the international community of the reliability of this method. This work was published on 10 February 2016 in the journal PLOS ONE.

Wednesday 10 february 2016

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. Le Figaro consacre un article au traitement prometteur mis au point par des chercheurs américains, en collaboration avec l’université de Crête à Heraklion (Grèce) contre le Dégénérescence maculaire liée à l’âge (DMLA) de forme sèche. Il s’agit de l’atorvastatine. Le Pr Paul Bishop, codirecteur du Centre de […]

Sunday 14 February 2016: Heart Day

As the cause of 17.5 million deaths in 2012, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality worldwide.[1] In France they are the second leading cause of mortality in men, and the leading cause in women.

New phase of the Elfe study : an original study on learning in nursery school children !

In spring 2016, a new phase in the Elfe Child Cohort Study will take place in French nursery schools, with participation by middle-year teaching staff. Its objective: to collect information on early learning by children of approximately 5 years of age. It will hence be possible to analyse the manner in which children enter the various areas of learning provided by nursery schools, taking living conditions, family structures, and the child’s health and development into account.

This “School” component of the Elfe study calls for participation by teachers via playful exercises in the areas of reading and numbers, prepared by the researchers.

Tuesday 9 february 2016

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. La Croix se penche sur le Crispr-Cas9, « outil génétique révolutionnaire » et explique que « cette nouvelle méthode, qui permet de modifier rapidement le génome, ouvre des perspectives immenses mais soulève de nombreuses questions éthiques ». A la question « Faut-il instituer un moratoire sur la technique Crispr-Cas9 ? », Jean-Marie Le Méné, […]

Monday 8 february 2016

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. Des chercheurs rattachés au Centre de recherche en épidémiologie et santé des populations (Inserm/Université Paris-Sud) à Gustave Roussy, ont analysé les facteurs de risque de cancer du sein sur une cohorte de 67 634 femmes âgées de 42 à 72 ans, soulignent Femmeactuelle.fr et Santemagazine.fr. Les données suggèrent […]

Friday 5 february 2016

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. Une équipe dirigée par Pierre Cordelier, directeur de recherche à l’Inserm au Centre de recherche en cancérologie de Toulouse (CRCT), a présenté, hier lors du Congrès mondial d’oncologie à Toulouse, ses travaux sur le cancer du pancréas, rapportent l’AFP et 20Minutes.fr. Les chercheurs ont découvert qu’en éliminant […]

Breast cancer—what part do behavioural factors play?

Researchers at Unit 1018 “Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health” (Inserm/Paris-Sud University) at Gustave Roussy have focused on the proportion of breast cancers attributable to various risk factors. The analysis, conducted among 67,634 women in the French E3N cohort, shows that postmenopausal breast cancers are more often attributable to “behavioural” factors, such as an unhealthy diet, excess weight and alcohol consumption than “non-behavioural” factors. These data suggest that by preventing these behaviour patterns, the number of breast cancers during menopause would decrease.
The article detailing these findings is published in the International Journal of Cancer, 04 February 2016.

Thursday 4 february 2016

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. Un cas de transmission par voie sexuelle du virus Zika vient d’être rapporté au Texas, indique l’AFP. Le Pr Jean-François Delfraissy, directeur de l’Institut immunologie, inflammation, infectiologie et microbiologie à l’Inserm, souligne que « le mode de transmission de Zika est essentiellement, pour ne pas dire quasi exclusivement, […]

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