Monthly Archives: August 2018

A brain mechanism involved in mediated learning is identified

Imagine that you are eating a Granny apple under a red parasol on the terrace of a public garden. The next day you eat another Granny apple at home in your kitchen, but soon afterwards find yourself ill. The next time you go back to the public garden, you avoid sitting under that red parasol. While there may not seem to be a link between the parasol and the fact that you were ill, there actually is! This is an example of the mediated learning process, and researchers from INRA and INSERM have just identified the brain mechanism involved in it. Their results, published online on 30 August 2018 in Neuron, show that cannabinoid receptors in the hippocampus play a key role in establishing these types of associations.

Posted in Press releases, Neurosciences, cognitives sciences, neurology and psychiatry | Tagged | Comments closed

Wednesday 31 August 2018

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.   Selon une étude de l’Inserm, publiée dans la revue American Journal of Epidemiology, faire des études longues permet d’augmenter sa « réserve […]

Posted in Synthèse de presse | Comments closed

Novel brain network linked to chronic pain in Parkinson’s disease

Des chercheurs de l’Inserm et de l’Université Grenoble Alpes ont révélé un nouveau réseau cérébral qui relie la douleur ressentie dans la maladie de Parkinson à une région spécifique du cerveau. Ces travaux, paru dans la revue eLife, révèlent qu’un sous-ensemble de neurones situé dans une partie du cerveau appelée noyau sous-thalamique serait une cible potentielle pour soulager la douleur dans la maladie de Parkinson, ainsi que dans d’autres maladies comme la démence, la sclérose latérale amyotrophique, la maladie de Huntington, et certaines formes de migraine.

Posted in Press releases, Neurosciences, cognitives sciences, neurology and psychiatry | Tagged | Comments closed

An artificial intelligence predicts therapeutic response in patients with advanced rectal cancer treated with preoperative radiochemotherapy

The digestive oncology teams from European Georges Pompidou Hospital, Cochin and Ambroise Paré AP-HP, and laboratory “Information Sciences and personalized medicine” of 1138 Unit Research Center Cordeliers INSERM and Paris-Descartes University, have developed an artificial intelligence system that predict therapeutic response to preoperative chemoradiotherapy in patients monitored for rectal cancer. The work, coordinated by Dr. Jean-Emmanuel Bibault of oncology radiotherapy European Hospital Georges Pompidou AP-HP, would propose a conservative treatment rather than full rectal ablation patients complete therapeutic response.

Posted in Cancer, Press releases, Circulation, metabolism, nutrition | Tagged | Comments closed

Thursday 30 August 2018

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.   Sciences et Avenir rend compte d’une étude en cours de l’Inserm, Mobilisense, sur les effets de la pollution de l’air et […]

Posted in Synthèse de presse | Comments closed

Metformin Improves Motor Skills in Patients with Steinert Myotonic Dystrophy, the Most Common Adult Neuromuscular Disease

Inserm researchers at I-Stem – the Institute for Stem Cell Therapy and Exploration of Monogenic Diseases – report encouraging results with metformin, a known diabetes drug, for the symptomatic treatment of Steinert myotonic dystrophy. A phase II trial conducted in 40 patients at Henri-Mondor Hospital AP-HP has shown that, after 48 weeks of treatment at the highest dose, patients treated with metformin (versus placebo) gain in motor skills and recover a more stable gait. The results of this trial, which received 1.5 million euros in funding from AFM-Téléthon, are published today in Brain.

Posted in Press releases, Neurosciences, cognitives sciences, neurology and psychiatry | Tagged | Comments closed

Wednesday 29 August 2018

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.   Dans une étude publiée dans la revue PNAS, une équipe de chercheurs hispano-britannico-américaine démontre que du riz modifié génétiquement peut, in […]

Posted in Synthèse de presse | Comments closed

Tuesday 28 August 2018

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.   Une équipe toulousaine de l’Inserm, de l’université Paul-Sabatier et du Gérontopôle du CHU de Toulouse a identifié une hormone naturelle, l’apeline, […]

Posted in Synthèse de presse | Comments closed

Predicting The Response To Immunotherapy Using Artificial Intelligence

A study published in The Lancet Oncology establishes for the first time that artificial intelligence can process medical images to extract biological and clinical information. By designing an algorithm and developing it to analyse CT scan images, medical researchers at Gustave Roussy, CentraleSupélec, Inserm, Paris-Sud University and TheraPanacea (spin-off from CentraleSupélec specialising in artificial intelligence in oncology-radiotherapy and precision medicine) have created a so-called radiomic signature. This signature defines the level of lymphocyte infiltration of a tumour and provides a predictive score for the efficacy of immunotherapy in the patient.     

Posted in Cancer, Press releases, Health technologies | Tagged | Comments closed

Mechanism of Repression: Can a Person’s Memories be Altered Without Their Knowledge?

In recent years, the cognitive neurosciences have shown that it is possible to use conscious effort to alter memories. Researchers from the Inserm Center for Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Sainte Anne Hospital and Université Paris Descartes now show that it is possible to unconsciously alter memories. This experimental demonstration of the unconscious manipulation of memories, which is similar to the psychoanalytical concept of repression, has been published in the journal Cognition.

Posted in Neurosciences, cognitives sciences, neurology and psychiatry | Tagged | Comments closed
fermer
fermer
RSS Youtube