Tag Archives: Press release

Pediatric Cancers: Why Some Forms of Leukemia Only Affect Children

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) mainly affects children, with the prognosis often being poor despite several decades of research into more effective treatments. A new study explains why some forms of leukemia develop in very young children.

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The creativity of the human mind rooted in errors ?

Most of our choices are not motivated by curiosity but by errors caused by the brain mechanisms implicated in evaluating our options.

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How People with Autism Might Avoid Socio-Emotional Situations

One hypothesis put forward to explain the repetitive behaviors of people with Autism Spectrum Disorder is a lack of cognitive flexibility. However, this may well not be the case. A recent study used MRI to track the brain activity of autistic and non-autistic subjects faced with situations similar to those that cause problems in the daily lives of people with the disorder. Their findings, published in Brain and Cognition, suggest that the inflexibility of autistic individuals is actually the result of a strategy used to avoid socio-emotional situations. This research, which suggests now considering the cognitive and socio-emotional domains as closely linked rather than dissociated, opens up new avenues in the understanding and management of autism.

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Un « Google Maps » du système immunitaire pour prédire la réponse aux traitements contre le cancer

Une équipe conjointe Inserm et Institut Curie a développé une carte interactive des réponses immunitaires potentielles en cas de cancer.

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Skin graft: a new molecular target for activating stem cells

A joint study led by several teams open skin regeneration medecine to new insights.

Posted in Cell biology, development and evolution, Press releases, Public health | Tagged | Comments closed

Some Persistent Organic Pollutants Could Increase Breast Cancer Aggressiveness

Photo d'imagerie en microscopie électronique montrant la transformation des cellules mammaires tumorales dans le cancer du sein

Although persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are already suspected to promote breast cancer, there has been little research into how they affect its aggressiveness.

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A new discovery! How our memories stabilise while we sleep

Scientists have shown that delta waves emitted while we sleep are not generalized periods of silence during which the cortex rests, as has been described for decades in the scientific literature. Instead, they isolate assemblies of neurons that play an essential role in long-term memory formation.

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Aging with HIV Linked to Increased Risk of Cognitive Impairment

Thanks to antiretroviral therapies, it is possible to grow old with HIV under control. However, this chronic infection may not leave cognitive function unscathed. That is why Alain Makinson (Translational Research on HIV and Infectious Diseases unit, Montpellier University Hospital, Université de Montpellier, Inserm, IRD) and his team were interested in exploring the development of neurocognitive impairment (NCI), such as diminished attention, memory and motor capacity, in patients living with HIV in the ANRS EP58 HAND 55-70 study.

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Science serves gender equality

Researchers explain how a neuroscientific approach can be used to more effectively combat gender inequality. The actions taken by the researchers have increased the number of female speakers invited to take the floor at the research center from 25 to 44% in the space of a year and a half, and have increased the number of women in senior roles from 25 to 31%. Their neuroscience-based approach now constitutes an important mechanism for changing attitudes and behaviors. Among other things, their future work will focus on using “nudges”—a technique originating in neuroscience that tries to influence our behavior in our own interest—to improve gender equality. An example for others to follow.

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Hormone therapy has a bigger impact than chemotherapy on women’s quality of life

Analysis of the CANTO cohort published in the journal Annals of Oncology will upset received wisdom on the effects that hormone therapy and chemotherapy have on the quality of life in women with breast cancer. Contrary to the commonly held view, 2 years after diagnosis, hormone therapy, a highly effective breast cancer treatment worsens quality of life to a greater extent and for a longer time, especially in menopausal patients. The deleterious effects of chemotherapy are more transient.

Posted in Cancer, Press releases | Tagged | Comments closed
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