Multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disease for which there is no cure as yet, affects three women for every one man. Faced with this observation, scientists are studying the role of the sex hormones in order to better understand the differences between men and women in relation to the disease and its progression.
A large part of the population has developed immunity against SARS-CoV-2 following infection, vaccination – or both. In addition, some infected patients enjoy "hybrid" immunity when they are vaccinated following their infectious episode.
In crowded places, such as airports and train stations, social distancing is difficult to maintain and the risk of infectious disease transmission is increased. In order to reduce this risk, it is essential that we improve our understanding of the dynamics of disease transmission within such places and the effective mitigation measures that can be implemented at low cost.
Exposure to extreme temperatures from the fetal stage could impact health. This is what suggests a study by researchers from Inserm, Université Grenoble Alpes and CNRS, based on the SEPAGES cohort, intended to study the impact of various environmental factors on the health of pregnant women and their children.
Highly infectious and potentially life-threatening in infants, whooping cough, caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, continues to circulate to a large extent throughout the world. Although the vaccines currently used protect against the onset of symptoms, they have limited durability and cannot prevent bacterial infection resulting in transmission between individuals.
To combat allergic asthma, which affects millions of people worldwide, scientists from Inserm, CNRS and Université Toulouse III-Paul Sabatier at the Infinity laboratory, Institut Pasteur and French company NEOVACS are developing and testing a new vaccine.
In a new study, researchers from Inserm, Université de Bordeaux and Bordeaux University Hospital focused on cannabis use by students – with the knowledge that its consumption among 18-25-year-olds in France is particularly high – and tried to measure its effects on sleep.
Une étude menée par une équipe de recherche de l’AP-HP, Université Paris Cité, l’Inserm, Sorbonne Université en collaboration avec AIDES et Coalition PLUS démontre à la fois l’efficacité d’un vaccin contre le méningocoque B dans la réduction du risque d’infection par le gonocoque et celle de l’utilisation de l’antibiotique doxycycline comme traitement préventif contre les infections sexuellement transmissibles, lorsqu’il est pris dans les 72 h suivant un rapport sexuel.
Scientists from the Institut Pasteur, CNRS and Inserm have discovered that administration of the GDF11 protein, which is known to regenerate murine neural stem cells, improves cognitive abilities and reduces the depressive state in aged mice. They also demonstrated the mechanism of action of this protein in different mouse models. The scientists then investigated these results further in relation to depression, and showed that in humans, the levels of...